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Vita e Pensiero

Una difficile libertà. Virtù, conatus, conoscenza in Descartes e Spinoza digital
format: Article | RIVISTA DI FILOSOFIA NEO-SCOLASTICA - 2020 - 2. Ethica e Passions de l’âme Spinoza con e contro Descartes
Year: 2020
In this contribution, I will concentrate on Descartes and Spinoza’s respective notions of «virtue», using them as a testing ground to understand two opposing conceptions of man and the sphere of the passions. Descartes’ reflection on virtue, understood as a magnanimity of the soul that ensues from a rational love of oneself, falls into the framework of the unity between mind and body elaborated in the Sixth Meditation and further discussed in his correspondence dating to the ’40s with Elisabeth and Pierre Chanut, as well as in the Passions de l’âme. Spinoza’s virtue, instead, is subordinated to a force (conatus) that coincides with the «essence» of man...
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Love, Hatred, and Self-Preservation in Descartes’s Passions of the Soul and Spinoza’s Theory of the Affects digital
format: Article | RIVISTA DI FILOSOFIA NEO-SCOLASTICA - 2020 - 2. Ethica e Passions de l’âme Spinoza con e contro Descartes
Year: 2020
Descartes and Spinoza carry forward elements of a longstanding folk-psychology of love and hatred from the scholastics – that love and hatred are ‘natural’ passions, teleologically ordered, together, to self-preservation (or perseverance). Descartes recasts this psychology of love and hatred, in the Passions of the Soul, in functional terms that already ambiguate the role that hatred plays in self-preservation. Spinoza takes up Descartes reconfiguration of the relationship of love and hatred in the Passions of the Soul, and infers that hatred has no necessary role in securing self-preservation (or perseverance). Spinoza’s dissolution of the necessary coimplication of love and hatred, as it is figured in the longstanding folk-psychology, yields rival images of agency. In Spinoza’s view, hatred is a pathology of agency, a symptom of impotence of ‘animation’, in contrast to the view that hatred is ‘basic’ emotion that is constitutive of agency in that it can motivate resistance to threats to self-preservation and flourishing.
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Amour de Dieu e Amor Dei: Descartes e Spinoza digital
format: Article | RIVISTA DI FILOSOFIA NEO-SCOLASTICA - 2020 - 2. Ethica e Passions de l’âme Spinoza con e contro Descartes
Year: 07/2020
In this article, I intend to investigate the notion of God’s love in Descartes and Spinoza to highlight its differences. God’s love in Descartes is investigated by examining the letter to Chanut of 1647 and in the Passions of the Soul...
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Rimorso, pentimento e rimpianto in Descartes e Spinoza digital
format: Article | RIVISTA DI FILOSOFIA NEO-SCOLASTICA - 2020 - 2. Ethica e Passions de l’âme Spinoza con e contro Descartes
Year: 2020
In the third part of the Passions of the Soul, while enumerating the «particular passions», Descartes makes a precise distinction between remorse, repentance and regret. Despite this distinction, in the correspondence with Princess Elizabeth, Descartes seems to use these terms interchangeably...
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Paura. Forme della percezione e strategie di governo ne Les Passions de l’âme e nell’Ethica digital
format: Article | RIVISTA DI FILOSOFIA NEO-SCOLASTICA - 2020 - 2. Ethica e Passions de l’âme Spinoza con e contro Descartes
Year: 2020
My paper focuses on the analysis of the terms «dread» and «fear» both in The Passions of the Soul, where Descartes respectively indicates them as Crainte and Peur, and in Spinoza’s Ethics, where the author uses the words timor and metus...
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Condividere il patire. Descartes e Spinoza in dialogo con la tradizione stoica e cristiana digital
format: Article | RIVISTA DI FILOSOFIA NEO-SCOLASTICA - 2020 - 2. Ethica e Passions de l’âme Spinoza con e contro Descartes
Year: 2020
.In the evaluation of human passions, compassion has always been among the most controversial, declined through several lexical variants (pietas, misericordia, miseratio, commiseratio, compassio) and the object of opposing judgments. Condemned as a pathology by Stoic thought, compassion becomes the fundamental attitude of Christian ethics, codified in the ‘works of mercy’...
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La gratitudine in Descartes e in Spinoza digital
format: Article | RIVISTA DI FILOSOFIA NEO-SCOLASTICA - 2020 - 2. Ethica e Passions de l’âme Spinoza con e contro Descartes
Year: 2020
Descartes and Spinoza define gratitude in similar ways but they differ on its appreciation. For Descartes, gratitude is always a virtue. For Spinoza, in Short Treatise, this feeling cannot be proved by a perfect man...
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Audience and People between Illusion and Virtue. The Passions on Stage from Descartes to Spinoza digital
format: Article | RIVISTA DI FILOSOFIA NEO-SCOLASTICA - 2020 - 2. Ethica e Passions de l’âme Spinoza con e contro Descartes
Year: 2020
My aim is to point out the way in which the theories of passions are the roots from which the rising modern subject develops. This is particularly clear in drama and in politics: both audience and people are stimulated by scenic actions and by government promises or deeds. Conflicting affects relating to outward display or to the heart cause an increase or a lowering of virtue in the subject...
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Il governo delle passioni tra separazione e immanenza digital
format: Article | RIVISTA DI FILOSOFIA NEO-SCOLASTICA - 2020 - 2. Ethica e Passions de l’âme Spinoza con e contro Descartes
Year: 2020
The paper sets out to bring into focus some philosophical implications of the government of the passions as this is presented in Descartes’ Les Passions de l’âme and in Spinoza’s Ethica. It does not, however, tackle the issue straightforwardly, but by means of a contemporary frame of reference, that established by Michel Foucault in his late writings on the government of the self..
€ 6.00
Intersoggettività o transindividualità. Le passioni tra Descartes e Spinoza digital
format: Article | RIVISTA DI FILOSOFIA NEO-SCOLASTICA - 2020 - 2. Ethica e Passions de l’âme Spinoza con e contro Descartes
Year: 2020
The article aims to interpret the theory of passions in Descartes and Spinoza in the light of two posterior models, namely the Husserlian intersubjectivity and the Simondonian transindividuality. This anachronistic reading of the two authors makes possible to shed light on the opposition between, on the one hand, a theory of passions as properties of a subject preceding the relations, and, on the other hand, a theory conceiving the subject itself as constituted by the complex web of passions...
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Il vuoto della vetta. Mistica ed ermeneutica in Francesco Tomatis digital
format: Article | RIVISTA DI FILOSOFIA NEO-SCOLASTICA - 2020 - 2. Ethica e Passions de l’âme Spinoza con e contro Descartes
Year: 2020
This article looks at the philosophical production of Francesco Tomatis. Starting from an original interpretation of Schelling’s thought, the Author elaborates a negative mysticism and a philosophy as hermeneutics...
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Le categorie tra logos ed essere. Molto più di una (lunga) storia digital
format: Article | RIVISTA DI FILOSOFIA NEO-SCOLASTICA - 2020 - 2. Ethica e Passions de l’âme Spinoza con e contro Descartes
Year: 2020
The paper retraces and critically discusses the essays contained in the two volumes at stake, which are dedicated to the «categories» in the history of Western thought. By shifting freely between the two parts of the project, the proposed analysis aims to highlight both the possible connections and the problematic points that arise from the treatment of concepts so central that they are sometimes, and paradoxically, uncritically assumed...
€ 6.00
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