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Vita e Pensiero

Dalle Passions all’Ethica. Continuità, trasformazioni, interpretazioni newdigital
format: Article | RIVISTA DI FILOSOFIA NEO-SCOLASTICA - 2020 - 2. Ethica e Passions de l’âme Spinoza con e contro Descartes
Year: 2020
Spinoza’s relationship with Descartes was always characterized both by proximity and distance. This ambivalence does not fail to affect the history of reception, from Spinoza’s death to the present day. However, the path of this history shows a remarkable paradigm-shift...
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Distinzione reale e unione sostanziale. Lo statuto del soggetto in Cartesio newdigital
format: Article | RIVISTA DI FILOSOFIA NEO-SCOLASTICA - 2020 - 2. Ethica e Passions de l’âme Spinoza con e contro Descartes
Year: 2020
The essay aims to examine the status of the subject in Descartes from viewpoint of the problem of the coexistence of the doctrines of the union and distinction of body and soul. After a brief reconstruction of the interpretative tendencies that prevailed in Cartesian literature, the essay analyses the positions of Descartes after the release of the Meditationes de prima Philosophia, both in the Responses to the Objections of Gassendi and Arnauld, and in the letters to Regius and to Princess Elisabeth...
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Spinoza’s Affects. From Descartes to Hobbes newdigital
format: Article | RIVISTA DI FILOSOFIA NEO-SCOLASTICA - 2020 - 2. Ethica e Passions de l’âme Spinoza con e contro Descartes
Year: 07/2020
This paper sketches how Spinoza’s theory of the emotions changed over his career. It begins with a contrast between the theories of the emotions found in Descartes’ Passions de l’âme and the account of the passions found in a variety of writings by Thomas Hobbes...
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Tra sonnambuli e vigilambuli. Per la genesi di uno scolio dell’Ethica alla luce de Les Passions de l’âme newdigital
format: Article | RIVISTA DI FILOSOFIA NEO-SCOLASTICA - 2020 - 2. Ethica e Passions de l’âme Spinoza con e contro Descartes
Year: 07/2020
The article proposes a genesis of Eth III, pr. 2, schol. The first part aims to show the interpretative difficulties of Spinoza’s conception of physiology, trying to prove, following the most recent literature (Scribano), that his rejection is not clearly defined, and many passages and examples within this scholium reveal its cartesian origin...
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The Passions of the Self. From Descartes to Hume through Spinoza newdigital
format: Article | RIVISTA DI FILOSOFIA NEO-SCOLASTICA - 2020 - 2. Ethica e Passions de l’âme Spinoza con e contro Descartes
Year: 2020
Contrary to what happens in Descartes’s philosophy, self-knowledge is problematic in Spinoza. The knowledge of one’s mind, in fact, is only that involved in the perception of the affections of one’s body. This thesis makes difficult to develop a satisfactory theory of pride which, according to Spinoza, implies a knowledge of the self as the cause of the joy caused in others...
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Of Dogs and Men. The «Psychological» and the «Ethical» in Descartes and Spinoza newdigital
format: Article | RIVISTA DI FILOSOFIA NEO-SCOLASTICA - 2020 - 2. Ethica e Passions de l’âme Spinoza con e contro Descartes
Year: 2020
Descartes’ correspondence with Princess Elisabeth at times reads like a programme for what would later become known as Spinoza’s theory of ethics. Crucial elements in Spinoza, however, such as the notion of beatitude and the idea of internal emotions, link up with Descartes’ Passions de l’âme , rather than with the correspondence – and yet it is on these very subjects that Descartes and Spinoza part ways. Studying in some detail the example of the hunting dog and the accounts of mental change occurring in both authors, this article will argue that Spinoza was able to side-step Descartes’ explanation of mental transformation for the reason that he devoted himself to a completely different issue...
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Una difficile libertà. Virtù, conatus, conoscenza in Descartes e Spinoza newdigital
format: Article | RIVISTA DI FILOSOFIA NEO-SCOLASTICA - 2020 - 2. Ethica e Passions de l’âme Spinoza con e contro Descartes
Year: 2020
In this contribution, I will concentrate on Descartes and Spinoza’s respective notions of «virtue», using them as a testing ground to understand two opposing conceptions of man and the sphere of the passions. Descartes’ reflection on virtue, understood as a magnanimity of the soul that ensues from a rational love of oneself, falls into the framework of the unity between mind and body elaborated in the Sixth Meditation and further discussed in his correspondence dating to the ’40s with Elisabeth and Pierre Chanut, as well as in the Passions de l’âme. Spinoza’s virtue, instead, is subordinated to a force (conatus) that coincides with the «essence» of man...
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Love, Hatred, and Self-Preservation in Descartes’s Passions of the Soul and Spinoza’s Theory of the Affects newdigital
format: Article | RIVISTA DI FILOSOFIA NEO-SCOLASTICA - 2020 - 2. Ethica e Passions de l’âme Spinoza con e contro Descartes
Year: 2020
Descartes and Spinoza carry forward elements of a longstanding folk-psychology of love and hatred from the scholastics – that love and hatred are ‘natural’ passions, teleologically ordered, together, to self-preservation (or perseverance). Descartes recasts this psychology of love and hatred, in the Passions of the Soul, in functional terms that already ambiguate the role that hatred plays in self-preservation. Spinoza takes up Descartes reconfiguration of the relationship of love and hatred in the Passions of the Soul, and infers that hatred has no necessary role in securing self-preservation (or perseverance). Spinoza’s dissolution of the necessary coimplication of love and hatred, as it is figured in the longstanding folk-psychology, yields rival images of agency. In Spinoza’s view, hatred is a pathology of agency, a symptom of impotence of ‘animation’, in contrast to the view that hatred is ‘basic’ emotion that is constitutive of agency in that it can motivate resistance to threats to self-preservation and flourishing.
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Amour de Dieu e Amor Dei: Descartes e Spinoza newdigital
format: Article | RIVISTA DI FILOSOFIA NEO-SCOLASTICA - 2020 - 2. Ethica e Passions de l’âme Spinoza con e contro Descartes
Year: 07/2020
In this article, I intend to investigate the notion of God’s love in Descartes and Spinoza to highlight its differences. God’s love in Descartes is investigated by examining the letter to Chanut of 1647 and in the Passions of the Soul...
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Rimorso, pentimento e rimpianto in Descartes e Spinoza newdigital
format: Article | RIVISTA DI FILOSOFIA NEO-SCOLASTICA - 2020 - 2. Ethica e Passions de l’âme Spinoza con e contro Descartes
Year: 2020
In the third part of the Passions of the Soul, while enumerating the «particular passions», Descartes makes a precise distinction between remorse, repentance and regret. Despite this distinction, in the correspondence with Princess Elizabeth, Descartes seems to use these terms interchangeably...
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Paura. Forme della percezione e strategie di governo ne Les Passions de l’âme e nell’Ethica newdigital
format: Article | RIVISTA DI FILOSOFIA NEO-SCOLASTICA - 2020 - 2. Ethica e Passions de l’âme Spinoza con e contro Descartes
Year: 2020
My paper focuses on the analysis of the terms «dread» and «fear» both in The Passions of the Soul, where Descartes respectively indicates them as Crainte and Peur, and in Spinoza’s Ethics, where the author uses the words timor and metus...
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