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Processi di auto-organizzazione e interazione sistemi-ambiente

digital Processi di auto-organizzazione e interazione sistemi-ambiente
Article
journal RIVISTA DI FILOSOFIA NEO-SCOLASTICA
issue RIVISTA DI FILOSOFIA NEO-SCOLASTICA - 2012 - 4
title Processi di auto-organizzazione e interazione sistemi-ambiente
author
publisher Vita e Pensiero
format Article | Pdf
online since 04-2012
issn 00356247 (print) | 18277926 (digital)
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This contribution deals with the concepts of «self-organization» and «emergence», starting from the physico-mathematical approach to phase transitions. In this regard we evidence the strong limits of this approach which prevent from its application to the study of self-organization and emergence processes within the biological realm. This circumstance raises a number of philosophical and practical difficulties, because this approach cannot account for both the logical correctness of a number of philosophical arguments, and the huge quantity of observational data collected in different scientific contexts. In order to suggest an escape from this situation without renounce to the use of mathematical models we propose to introduce a suitable generalization of the physico-mathematical approach, consisting in dealing with the systems as open and interacting with an external environment. We show that this framework could, in principle, avoid some contradictions and paradoxes which characterize the actual scientific and philosophical research on complex systems.

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