The assertion of dialectical and subjective thinking in Kierkegaard: a critique of objective and speculative thinking from the concept of irony and the postscriptum to philosophical crumbs
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Ever since the Concept of Irony, Kierkegaard seems to state the importance of dialectical thought, and namely of the dialectical, subjective thinker, taking Socrates as his main model. This distinction is made in order to harshly criticize the conception of Hegelian inspiration, which seems to assert the importance of the image of the objective, speculative thinker. Upon reading the Postscriptum, we may see how Kierkegaard resumes his critique of the speculative model, which, according to him, is a model ranging from Plato to Hegel in the history of philosophy. In Plato and Hegel, however, there is also a stress on dialectical thought, which nonetheless ends up leading to objectivity. How, then, does Kierkegaard depart from dialectical thought so as to assert the subjective? How can his position avoid arbitrariness while bordering on the theme of the subjective? Therefore, the aim of this article is to follow these threads so as to shed some light on these stimulating questions; questions which, to this day and age, still interest Kierkegaard scholars and those who take an interest in the discussion of the themes of subjectivity and objectivity.
Keywords: Kierkegaard, dialectics, subjectivity, objectivity, modern philosophy
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