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Accéder à l’objectivité. Merleau-Ponty face au rêve de l’objectivité absolue

newdigital Accéder à l’objectivité.
Merleau-Ponty face au rêve de l’objectivité absolue
Article
journal RIVISTA DI FILOSOFIA NEO-SCOLASTICA
issue RIVISTA DI FILOSOFIA NEO-SCOLASTICA - 2020 - 3. Rethinking Objectivity: With and Beyond Kant
title Accéder à l’objectivité. Merleau-Ponty face au rêve de l’objectivité absolue
Access to Objectivity. Merleau-Ponty Facing the Dream of Absolute Objectivity
author
publisher Vita e Pensiero
format Article | Pdf
online since 12-2020
doi 10.26350/001050_000217
issn 00356247 (print) | 18277926 (digital)
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What does it mean to be objective? Is someone objective from the outset or does he or she become objective? Does objectivity dwell within a fact, a state, a value, an intention, a wish, a decision, or does it reveal itself in a space or in a place? Merleau-Ponty’s philosophy makes it possible to tackle those questions, starting from an epistemological aporia, and following a phenomenologically oriented methodological impulse. Indeed, his philosophy confidently denounces the dream of absolute objectivity that inhabits some exact and human sciences, which seem ready to sacrifice everything to objectivity, including their rigour. The paradox of objectivity lies then in the fact that objectivity exists at the very price of its absoluteness. On this critical basis, Merleau-Ponty’s approach emphasizes the necessity of investigating more deeply the problem of objectivity, from the perspective of a transcendental and embodied intersubjectivity. Such an approach eventually provides a renewed access to the notion of objectivity, by trying to conceive of it at the crossroads of the subjective and the objective, in the heart of Nature and in the co-belonging to being. In doing so, a strange form of objectivity emerges, which is no longer «objective» in the sense that we use to say it (but not «subjective» either), an objectivity that has to be conquered, full of promise, fragile and secondary.

keywords

Objectivity, Merleau-Ponty, Intersubjectivity, Phenomenology, Ontology, Nature

Author biography

Kanazawa University, Japan. Email: midali@staff.kanazawa-u.ac.jp

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