Sources mythologiques de l’Eros platonicien - André Lanoue - Vita e Pensiero - Articolo Filosofia Neo-Scolastica Vita e Pensiero

Sources mythologiques de l’Eros platonicien

digital Sources mythologiques de l’Eros platonicien
Article
journal RIVISTA DI FILOSOFIA NEO-SCOLASTICA
issue RIVISTA DI FILOSOFIA NEO-SCOLASTICA - 2021 - 3
title Sources mythologiques de l’Eros platonicien
Mythological Sources of Platonic Eros
Author
Publisher Vita e Pensiero
format Article | Pdf
online since 10-2021
doi 10.26350/001050_000288
issn 0035-6247 (print) | 1827-7926 (digital)
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In this article I interpret the Platonic concept of Eros as exposed in the Symposium. As many modern interpretations focus almost exclusively on the interpersonal or ‘romantic’ meaning of Eros (in spite of Plato explicitly refuting such  interpretations), I recall that the philosophical value of Eros is first and foremost ontological and has thus but little to do with interpersonal relationships. To demonstrate this, I show the ontological horizon of the preexisting tradition and its striking similarity with Plato’s own doctrine. I then go on to interpret Plato’s own text (Aristophanes’ and Diotima’s speeches) and show that it is compatible with the Aristotelian doxographic tradition which presents  Plato’s oral teachings. This article thus aims at presenting Plato as the heir of a preexisting tradition and his Eros theory as ontological. It also shows the benefits of using the Aristotelian doxography for Platonic hermeneutics.

keywords

Plato, Symposium, Eros, Ontology, Metaphysics

Author biography

Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg. Email: a.lanoue@protonmail.com

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