The Theory of Scientific Knowledge according to Marsilius of Inghen - Francesco Fiorentino - Vita e Pensiero - Articolo Filosofia Neo-Scolastica Vita e Pensiero

The Theory of Scientific Knowledge according to Marsilius of Inghen

digital The Theory of Scientific Knowledge
according to Marsilius of Inghen
Article
Journal RIVISTA DI FILOSOFIA NEO-SCOLASTICA
Issue RIVISTA DI FILOSOFIA NEO-SCOLASTICA - 2021 - 3
Title The Theory of Scientific Knowledge according to Marsilius of Inghen
Author
Publisher Vita e Pensiero
Format Article | Pdf
Online da 10-2021
Doi 10.26350/001050_000290
Issn 0035-6247 (print) | 1827-7926 (digital)
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The contribution proceeds to the second question of Marsilius of Inghen’s commentary on the Sentences, where science is depicted as a specific form of propositional knowledge, one which is consensual and can be proven. This definition of science makes use of the combination of two traditions; while both have their roots in Aristotelian thought, they aim to construct two different epistemological ideals, which are differentiated by the source of their  evidence. Marsilius comes up against the problem of the lack of evidence for theological principles, a problem which can already be found in Aquinas’ theory of subalternation and Henry of Ghent’s theory of the lumen medium, both  of which were rejected by Marsilius. Marsilius’ solution consists in the attempt to adapt the Aristotelian ideal of deductive science, which proceeds propter quid from principles to conclusions, to theology. This adaptation gives rise to  an inductive science.

keywords

Marsilius of Inghen, Thomas Aquinas, Science

Author biography

Liceo Classico Statale “Quinto Orazio Flacco”, Bari. Email: fiorentino12@libero.it

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